The cervix is the lower part of the uterus, the place where a baby grows during pregnancy. The cervix has a small opening that expands during childbirth. It also allows menstrual blood to leave a woman’s body.
Your doctor may perform a Pap test during your health checkup to look for changes to the cells of the cervix, including cervical cancer. Other problems with the cervix include:
- Cervicitis – inflammation of the cervix. This is usually from an infection.
- Cervical incompetence – This can happen during pregnancy. The opening of the cervix widens long before the baby is due.
- Cervical polyps and cysts – abnormal growths on the cervix
- Cervical dysplasia
- Cervical polyps
- Cervix treatment – cryosurgery
- Cold knife cone biopsy
- Endocervical gram stain
- Insufficient cervix
- Nabothian cyst