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What Are STDs?

STDs stands for sexually transmitted diseases and are infections passed through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Some STDs are very common and many people may have them, though show no symptoms. However, there are many STDs that can be very dangerous. It is very important for sexually active individuals to get tested regularly for STDs as well as know that their partners are being tested as well. Statistics show that 1 out of 2 sexually active people will get an STD or infection by the age of 25. However, many are avoidable and manageable with the right knowledge.

Common STDs

While it is best to avoid all STDs, some are considered common and are easily preventable and or treatable (7 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 2016, October 14).

  1. Genital Human Papillomavirus (HPV): The most common sexually transmitted infection. There are over 40 types of HPV and can infect the genitals, mouth, or throat. There are vaccines to protect people against HPV. Most infections will go away on their own within two years.
  2. Trichomoniasis: This infection is passed through a parasite during sex. Most people will not have any symptoms and can be treated with an antibiotic.
  3. Genital Herpes: Some people may have mild symptoms of herpes while others may show no signs. There is no permanent solution for herpes but doctors can prescribe medicines to help ease the pain.

Top 5 Most Dangerous STDs

The top five most dangerous STDs are the following in order of seriousness (Pearl, N., Bigpenis, D., Mwitumwa, M., Winbery, L., J., P., . . . Akpos, M, 2017, February 22).

  1. HIV/AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the most dangerous sexually transmitted disease, which can also lead to AIDS, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. This virus is incurable and will cause severe damage to the immune system and will eventually lead to death.
  2. Syphilis: If untreated, syphilis can lead to death. It is one of the most dangerous STDs since the infection is difficult to diagnose and individuals may not know they have syphilis until it is too late. It is referred to as the “great imitator” since it will be like other STDs.
  3. Hepatitis: Hepititis B and C are STDs that can lead to liver inflammation and in serious cases, death. It is similar to HIV in terms of transmission, via body fluids or blood. The disease can become chronic and may not show visible effects, though can lead to cirrhosis or liver cancer.
  4. Gonorrhea: It is a common disease that is popular among young people, 15 to 24 years old. It will cause various genital rectal and throat infections.
  5. Chlamydia: One of the most widespread infections that can lead to serious consequences if not treated quickly. It can damage the reproductive system and prevent pregnancy.

If you have contracted an STD and are suffering from painful symptoms or would like to get tested, call Avalon Gynecology today. Call (818) 233-8773 to make an appointment at our Burbank office.

CITATION

7 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases. (2016, October 14). Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.healthgrades.com/conditions/7-most-common-sexually-transmitted-diseases

 

Pearl, N., Bigpenis, D., Mwitumwa, M., Winbery, L., J., P., . . . Akpos, M. (2017, February 22). Top 5 Most Dangerous STDs and their Symptoms. Retrieved November 14, 2017, from https://www.std-gov.org/blog/top-5-most-dangerous-stds/